WIKING RUF Europäische Freiwilligen in der Waffen-SS

 

 

German abbreviations:

 

 

GERMAN

ABBREVIATION

ENGLISH

abgeordnet

abg.

temporarily transferred to a position at another place.

Abschnitt

Abs.; Abschn.

Sector; district.
In the SS: Regional division of Germany and its headquarters;
In the SD: Subordinate Regional HQ and its area

Abteilung

A.; Abt.

Unit, battery, battalion, department

Abwehr

Abw.

Wehrmacht Intelligence service

Abwehrpolizei

 

Counter-espionage police. A function of the Grenzpolizei under the jurisdiction of the Gestapo.

Abzeichen

Abz.

Badge of rank, appointment, or distinction.

Adjutantur

 

i. Staff department dealing with routing personnel and administrative matters; ii. The earlier title of the Persönlicher Stab RfSS

Ahnenerbe Forschungs- und Lehrgemeinschaft

 

Society for Research into and Teaching of Ancestral Heritage. Administered by Pers.Stab RfSS, this office promoted research of family and national hereditary history and dissemination of racial theories.

Allgemeines Heeresamt

A.H.A.

General Army Directorate

Allgemeine Heeresmitteilungen

A.H.M.

General army orders

Allgemeine-SS

Allg. SS

The general body of the SS, composed of part-time, full-time, and honorary members.

Allgemeines Wehrmachtsamt

 

General Armed Forces Office in OKW, conerned with matters of personnel, training, equipment, etc.

Amt

 

A main office, branch, or directorate of a Ministry, or an independent Ministry such as the Auswartiges Amt

Amtsgruppe

 

A subordinate branch of a Hauptamt.

Anhaltelager

 

Temporary detention camp.

Anordnung

 

Order, instruction, or regulation

Anwärter

Anw.

Cadet or candidate

Abeitsdienstführer

 

Overseer of labor performance in a concentration camp; responsible to the Arbeitseinsatzführer.

Arbeitseinsatzführer

 

Supervisor of labor in a concentration camp.

Arbeitserziehungslager

 

Labor education camp for released prisoners requiring special training to readjust them for industry.

Armee-Bekleidungs-Amt

A.Bekl.Amt

Army clothing depot

Armee-Briefstelle

A.Briefstelle

Army postal station

Armee-Feldlazarett

A.Feldlaz.

Army field hospital

Armeekorps

A.K.

Infantry corps

Armee-Kartenstelle

A.Kartenstelle

Army map depot

Armee-Kraftfahr-Park

A.K.P.

Army motor transport park

Armee-Nachrichten-Park

A,N.Pk.

Army signals equipment park

Armee-Nachrichten-Regiment

A.N.R.

Army signals regiment

Armee-Oberkommando

A.O.K.

Army (H.Q.)

Armee-Pferde-Lazarett

A.Pf.Laz.

Army veterinary hospital

Armee-Sanitäts-Abteilung

A.San.Abt.

Army medical unit

Armee-Sanitäts-Park

A.San.Pk.

Army medical stores park

Artillerie-Ersatz-Regiment

A.E.R.

Artillery depot/replacement regiment

Artillerie-Führer

Arfü

Commanding officer divisional artillery regiment

Artillerie-Kommandeur

Arko

Artillery commander from G.H.Q. pool

Artillerie-Lehr-Regiment

Art.Lehr-Rgt

Artillery demonstration regiment

Artillerie-Park

Art.Pk.

Artillery equipment park

Artillerie-Regiment

A.R.; Art.Rgt.

Artillery regiment

Astronomischer-Mess-Zug

Astr.Mess-Zug

Astronomical survey section

Aufklärung

Aufkl.

lit. enlightenment; military: Reconnaissance

Aufklärungs-Abteilung

A.A.; Aufkl.Abt.

Reconnaissance unit

Aufklärungs- und Kavallerie-Abteilung

Aufkl.u.Kav.Abt.

Reconnaissance and cavalry demonstration unit

Ausbildung

Ausb.

Training

Ausbildungs-Bataillon

Ausb.Btl.

Training battalion

Ausbildungs-Division

Ausb.Div.

Training division

Ausland/Abwehr

Ausl./Abw.

Amt (previously an Amtsgruppe) of OKW responsible for Espionage, Counterespionage, Sabotage, and Foreign Information. Headed by Admiral Wilhelm Canaris until his arrest for anti-Nazi activities in 1944, whereupon it was absorbed by the RSHA.

Auslands-Organisation

AO

The NSDAP agency concerned with care and supervision of Germans in foreign countries. Ranked as the 43rd Gau of the NSDAP under Gauleiter and Foreign Office Staatssekretär Ernst-Wilhelm Bohle.

Aussendienststelle or Aussenstelle

Aust.

Outstation or outpost of the Sipo and SD

ausser Dienst

a.D.

retired; on inactive list

Auswärtiges Amt

 

Foreign Office; The Reich Ministry for Foreign Affairs

Bäckerie-Kompanie

Bäck.Kp.

Bakery company

Bahnhofs-Kommandantur

Bahnhofs-Kdtr.

Railway station command

Bahnschutzpolizei

 

Railway protection police. Transferred to SS control, 1942.

Bann

 

A subdivision of the Hitler-Jugend Gebiet (region), approximately comparable to a Kreis (district) of the NSDAP.

bataillon

Btl.

Battalion

Batterie

Batt(r).

Battery (artillery troop)

Bau-Bataillon

Bau-Btl.

Construction battalion

Bauinspektion

 

Construction Inspectorate, a branch of Amtsgruppe C of the SS-WVHA.

Beamter

 

An official or functionary.

beauftragt

b.

authorized; commissioned; in charge

Beauftragter

Beauftr.

A representative, commissioner, or administrator.

Befehl

 

An order or command.

Befehlshaber des Ersatzheeres

B.d.E.

C.-in-C. Replacement Army

Befehlshaber der Ordnungspolizei

BdO

Commander of the Orpo in a Wehrkreis or similar territory.

Befehlshaber der Sicherheitspolzei und des Sicherheitsdienstes

BdS

Commander of the Sipo and SD in a Wehrkreis or similar territory.

Behörde

 

An authority or administrative body.

bei(m)

b.

on; near

Bereitschaftsdienst

BD

Emergency service branch (of the TeNo)

Bereitschaftspolizei

 

Mobile barracks police units of the Landespolizei, administered by the various Länder before the police were centralized in 1935/1936.

Bevollmächtigter

Bev.

Plenipotentiary

Bewachungsmannschaft

 

Guard detachment of the SS in a concentration camp.

Bezirk

Bez.

A district; sub-region; administrative unit.

Bezirksverwaltungsgericht

BVG

District Administrative Court

Blockführer

 

1. An SS NCO in charge of a block or company of prisoners in a concentration camp, responsible to the Rapportführer.

Blockleiter

 

Lowest official of the NSDAP, responsible for the political supervision of 40 to 60 households. Subordinate to a Zellenleiter

Bürgermeister

 

Mayor of a mid-size town or smaller community.

Chef der deutschen Polizei

Ch.d.Dt.P.;

ChdDtP;

ChdDtPol.

Commander-in-Chief of the German Police (Heinrich Himmler)

Chef der Heeresrüstung und Behfehlshaber des Ersatzheeres

Ch.H.Rü.u.B.d.E.

Chief of Army Equipment and Commander of the Replacement Army

Chef der Ordnungspolizei

CdO

Chief of the Order Police (Daluege, then Wünnenberg)

Chef der Sicherheitspolizei und des SD

CSSD

Chief of the Security Police and SD (Heydrich, then Kaltenbrunner)

Chef der Zivilverwaltung

CdZ

Head of the Civilian Administration in an occupied territory.

der Reserve

d.R.

of the Reserve

Deutsch

Dt.

German

Deutsche Arbeitsfront

DAF

The German Labor Front, largest of the NSDAP's affiliated organizations comprising all the corporations, guilds, and professional associations. Led by Reichsleiter Dr. Robert Ley.

Deutsche Ausrüstungswerke

 

German Equipment Works, SS enterprise founded in 1939.

Deutsche Erd- und Steinwerke GmbH

 

German Clay and BrickworksLtd. SS enterprise established in 1938, primarily to construct brickworks and exploit quarries by the use of prisoner labor.

Deutsches Rotes Kreuz

DRK

German Red Cross. President: NSKK-Obergruppenführer Herzog von Sachs-Coburg; Vice-President: SS-Obergruppenführer und General der Waffen-SS Prof. Dr. med. Ernst-Robert Grawitz.

Deutsche Umsiedlungs-Treuhand GmbH

DUT

German Resettlement Trust Ltd., affiliated with the RKFDV.

Deutsche Wirtschaftsbetriebe GmbH

DWB

German Economic Enterprises Ltd., an enterprise controlled by the SS-WVHA.

Dienstgrad

 

Rank or grade

Dienststelle

 

Headquarters, administrative office, station, or depot.

Durchgangslager

Dulag

POW transit camp

Ehrenführer

 

Honorary SS leader. Distinction accorded by Himmler to leading NSDAP and State figures nominally attached to his staff.

Eingetragener Verein. A registered society (e.g., Lebensborn e.V.

 

e.V.

Einheit

 

Unit

Einsatz

 

Action, operation, employment

Einsatzgruppe

EGru.

Operational group or task force of the Sipo and SD for special missions (particularly liquidiations of Jews, communist officials, etc.) in occupied territory.

Einsatzkommando

Ekdo.

Detachment of the Sipo and SD; subordinate element of an Einsatzgruppe

Einwandererzentrallstelle

EWZ

Central Immigration Office administered by the RSHA and part of the RKFDV.

Eisenbahn-Artillerie

Eisb.Art.

Railway artillery

Eisenbahn-Baubataillon

Eisb.Baubtl.

Railway construction battalion

Eisenbahn-Baukompanie

Eisb.Baukomp.

Railway construction company

Eisenbahn-Betriebs-Kompanie

Eisb.Betr.Kp.

Railway operating company

Eisenbahn-Fernsprech-Kompanie

Eisb.Fsp.Kp.

Railway telephone company

Eisenbahn-Küchenwagen-Abteilung

Eisb.Küchenwg.Abt.

Railway kitchen car unit

Eisenbahn-Nachrichten-Abteilung

Eisb.Nachr.Abt.

Railway signals unit

Eisenbahn-Pionier-Bau-Kompanie

Eisb.Pi.Baubtl.

Railway engineer construction company

Eisenbahn-Pionier-Park

Eisb.Pi.Pk.

Railway engineer equipment park

Eisenbahn-Pionier-Regiment

Eisb.Pi.Rgt.

Railway engineer regiment

Eisenbahn-Pionier-Stab zur besonderen Verwendung

Eisb.Pi.St.z.b.V.

Special railway engineer staff

Eisenbahn-Pionier-Zug

Eisb.Pz.Zug

Armored train

Entgiftungs-Abteilung

Entg.Abt.

Decontamination battalion

Entlade-Stab

Entl.St.

Unloading staff

Ergänzungs-

Erg.

Reserve; supplementary

Erlass

 

Edict, decree, or order

Ernährung

Ern.

Food; nutrition

Ersatz

Ers.

Training; depot; reinforcement

Ersatz-Teillager

Ers.Teillag.

Spare parts depot

europäisch

europ.

European

Fachreferat

 

A specialist subsection or 'desk' in an office or headquarters.

Feldbahn-Kompanie

Feldbahnkp.

Field railway company

Feldeisenbahn-Betriebs-Abteilung

Feldeisb.Betr.Abt.

Field railway operating unit

Feldeisenbahn-Direktion

Feldeisb.Dir.

(see Feldeisenbahn-Kommando)

Feldeisenbahn-Maschinen-Abteilung

Feldeisb.Masch.Abt.

Field railway machine unit

Feldeisenbahn-Nachschub-Lager

Feldeisb.Nachsch.Lag.

Field railway supply depot

Feldeisenbahn-Kommando

Feldeisb.Kdo.

Field railway command

Feldeisenbahn-Werkstatt-Abteilung

Feldeisb.Werkst.Abt.

Field railway workshop unit

Feldgendarmerie-Abteilung

F.G.A.

Military police battalion

Feldgendarmerie-Trupp

Feldgend.Tr.

Military police detachment

Feldjägerkorps

FJK

A shock formation of the SA, dissolved 1935 and incorporated into the Police.

Feldkommandantur

F.K.

Administrative H.A. in occupied countries (of regimental status)

Feldlazarett

Feldlaz.

Field hospital

Feldnachrichten-Kommandantur

Feldnachr.Kdtr.

Field signals command

Feldschalt-Abteilung

Feldschalt-Abt. z.b.V.

Special signals relay unit

Feld-Sonder-Bataillon

Feld-Sd.Btl.

Special penal battalion

Feld-Wasser-Strassen-Räum Abteilung

Feld-Wasser-Str.R.Abt.

Waterways clearing battalion

Feldwerkstatt

Feldwerkst.

Field workshop (ordnance)

Fernkabel-Bau-Abteilung

Fernkab.Bau-Abt.

Trunk-line telegraph construction unit

Fernschreibkompanie

Fernschreibkp.

Teleprint company

Feste-Nachrichten-Stelle

Feste-Nachr.Stelle

Static signals station

Festungs-Baubataillon

Fstgs.Baubtl.

Fortress construction battalion

Festungs-Bataillon

Fstgs.Btl.

Fortress battalion

Festungs-Nachrichten-Kommandantur

Fstgs.Nachr.Kdtr.

Fortress signals command

Festungs-Pionier-Abschnitt-Gruppe

Fstgs.Pi.Abschn.Gr.

Fortress engineer sector group

Festungs-Pionier-Kommandeur

Fstgs.Pi.Kdr.

Fortress engineer commander

FestungsPionier Park

Fstngs.Pi.Pk.

Fortress engineer park

Festungs-Pionier-Stab

Fstgs.Pi.St.

Fortress engineer staff

Festungs-Regiment

Fstgs.Rgt.

Fortress regiment

Feuerschutzpolizei

FSchp.

Fire Protection Police; a branch of the Orpo

Filmtrupp

Filmtr.

Film section

Filterkolonne

Filterkol.

Fördernde Mitglied der SS

F.M.

Sponsoring member of the SS paying monthly dues for that status; did not hold actual SS rank. In many cases the wives of SS officers held this title.

Freiherr

Frhr.

Baron (aristocratic title; eg: Konstantin Freiherr von Neurath)

freiwilligen

freiw.

Volunteer

Führer

Fhr.

Leader; commander; chief. The title "Der Führer" was only used in reference to Adolf Hitler.

Führerhauptquartier

FHQ

Hitler's Field Headquarters

für

 

for

Funk

 

Radio

Gau

 

Main territorial division of the NSDAP. There were 42 Gaue in the Reich and annexed territories, with a further 43rd Gau comprising the Auslandsorganisation (AO; Foreign Organization of the Nazi Party)

Gauleiter

GL

Highest ranking NSDAP official in a Gau, with responsibility for all matters of politics and econoomics, labor mobilization, and civil defense.

Gebirgs-Armee

 

Mountain Army; a formation of the German Army)

Gebirgs-Division

Geb.Div.

Mountain Division of the Heer or Waffen-SS

Gebirgs-Korps

 

Mountain Corps (a formation of the Heer or Waffen-SS)

Geheim

Geh.

Secret

Geheime Feldpolizei

GFP

Secret Field Police

Geheime Kommandosache

Geh.KdoS.

Secret Command matters; a very high security classification.

Geheime Reichssache

Geh.RchS.

Secret matter of National importance; highest security classification.

Geheimes Staatspolizei

Gestapo

Secret State Police; Amt IV of the Reichssicherheitshauptamt from 1939.

Gemeinde

Gem.

Municipality, community

Gemeindepolizei

Gem.Pol.

Municipal Police

genannt

gen.

Called; named; known as

Gendarmerie

Gend.

Rural police, including motorized traffic control units

Generalbevollmächtigter

 

Plenipotentiary General

Generalgouvernement

GG

The Government General - German-occupied Poland and the administration thereof under Dr. jur. Hans Frank.

Generalkommando

Gen.Kdo.

Headquarters of an Army Corps.

Generalquartiermeister des Heeres

 

Quartermaster-General of the German Army

Generalstab des Heeres

 

The German Army General Staff.

Germanische Leitstelle

 

Germanic Liaison Office of the SS-Hauptamt, responsible for supervision of Germanic SS.

Grenadier

Gren.

adj.: Infantry; n.: infantryman

Grenzpolizei

Grepo; GP

Frontier Police (a branch of the Gestapo)

Grenzpolizeiamt

GPA

Frontier Police Office

Grenzpolizei-Posten

Grepo

Frontier Police Outpost

Grenzpolizeikommissariat

Greko

Frontier Police Commissariat

Gross

Gr.

Great; large

hauptamtlich

(H)

full time; fully paid; professional

Hauptaussenstelle

HAuSt.; HASt.

Large branch office of the SD

Hilfspolizei

Hipo

Auxiliary Police

Hitler-Jugend

HJ

Hitler Youth organization

Höhere SS- und Polizeiführer

HSSPF

Higher and Police Leader

in; im

i.

in; in the

Infanterie-Division

Inf.Div.; I.D.

Infantry division

Infanterie-Regiment

Inf.Rgt.; I.R.

Infantry regiment

Inspekteur

Ing.

Engineer

Inspektor; Inspekteur

Insp.; I.

Inspector

Inspekteur der Ordnungspolizei

IdO

Original title for the BDO [see Befehlshaber der Ordnungspolizei]

Inspekteur der Sicherheitspolizei und des Sicherheitsdienstes

IdS; Insp.d.Sipo u.d.SD

Inspector of the Security Police and Security Service

Internationale Kriminalpolizeiliche Kommission

IKPK

International Criminal Police Commission

Kaserne

Kas.

Barracks

Kavallerie

Kav.

Cavalry

Kavallerie-Division

Kav.Div.; K.D.

Cavalry division

Kavallerie-Regiment

Kav.Rgt.; K.R.

Cavalry regiment

Kommandant

Kdt.

commandant

Kommandantur

Kdtr.

Administrative HQ; Garrison HQ

Kommandeur

Kdr.

commander

Kommandeur der Bautruppen

Comander, construction troops

Kdr. der Bau-Tr.

Kommandeur der Kraftfahrparktruppen

Kdr. der Kf.Pk.Tr.

Commander, motor transport park troops

Kommandeur der Nachrichtentruppen

Kdr. der Nachr.Tr.

Commander, signals troops

Kommandeur der Ordnungspolizei

KdO

Commander of the uniformed police in a general commissariat; subordinate to the BdO.

Kommandeur der Sicherheitspolizei und des Sicherheitsdienstes

KdS

Kommando

Kdo.

Command; detachment; detail

kommissarisch

(k)

temporarily put in charge

Kompnaie

Komp.

Company

Konzentrationslager

KL (official abbr.); KZ (unofficial abbr.)

Concentration Camp

Kraft durch Freude

KdF

The Nazi "Strength through Joy" movement

Kreis

Kr.

District (US: County)

Kriegs-

K

war-; wartime

Kriminalpolizei

Kripo

Criminal Police; Amt V of the Reichssicherheitshauptamt from 1939.

Kriminalpolizei-Aussendienststelle

KPAuDSt.

Large branch office of the Kripo

Kriminalpolizei-Aussenposten

KPAuP.

Small branch office of the Kripo

Kriminalpolizei-Leitstelle

KPLSt.

Regional HQ of Kripo

Kriminalpolizeistelle

KPSt.

Sub-regional HQ of Kripo

Land

 

One of the 15 territorial divisions of Republican Germany, each with its own government. Controlled by the central Reich government through Reichsstatthalter from 1933.

(Kasernierte) Landespolizei

Lapo

State Police; Militarized Barrack Police Forces of the Lander; taken over by Reich after 1935 and placed under Wehrmacht control

Landwirtschaft

Landw.

Agriculture

Lebensborn e.V.

 

The "Fountain of Life" society, established by the SS in 1936. Attached to Pers. Stab RfSS and affiliated with the SS-RuSHA. Main functions of the society were adoption of "racially suitable" children for childless SS families, encouragement and facilitation of procreation between "Aryan" men and women, and the promotion of the racial policies of the SS.

Leitabschnitt

 

Regional HQ of the SD, approximately coinciding with a Wehrkreis.

Legationsrat

Leg.Rat

Legation or embassy counsellor in the Foreign Office.

Leitend(er)

Lt.

governing; leading; executive

Leitender Regierungsdirektor

LtRDir.

Title of an executive assistant in a high government office

Leiter

Ltr.

Chief

Leitstelle

 

Regional HQ of the Gestapo or Kripo, established at the HQ of a Wehrkreis or capital of a Land.

Luftschutzpolizei

LSP

Air raid protection police established in 1942 from personnel of the SHD and TeNo as an element of the Schutzpolizei. Recruited primarily from reservists of the Polizei.

Marine Küsten Polizei

MKP

Naval Coastal Police

Mark

Mk.

Region; province; also type

Militär; militärisch

Mil.; milit.

military

Minister

Min.

Minister

Ministerialblatt für die innere Verwaltung or Ministerialblatt des Reichs- und Preuss. Innenministeriums

MBliV

Official gazette of the Reich and Prussian Ministries of the Interior

Ministerialdirektor

MinDir.

A senior civil service official. Department head in a ministry with the approximate equivalent of Lt.-Gen..

Ministerialdirigent

MinDirig.

Executive official in a Ministry with the approximate equivalent ofMaj.-General.

Ministerialrat

MinRat

Senior ministerial counsellor in civil service; usually head of a section within a ministry; approximately equivalent to a Colonel.

Ministerpräsident

Min.Präs.

Minister-President; Prime Minister of a Land government (e.g> SS-Obergruppenfuhrer Dietrich Klagges of Braunschweig).

mit

m.

with

mit der Führung der Geschäfte beauftragt

m.d.F.d.G.b.

Temporarily charged with the conduct of affairs

mit der Führung beauftragt

m.d.F.b.

Temporarily charged with leadership

mit der vertretungsweisen Führung beauftragt

m.d.vertretungsw.F.b.

Temporarily charged with the conduct of affairs

mit der Wahrnehmung der Geschäfte beauftragt

m.d.W.d.G.b.

Temporarily charged with the conduct of affairs

Mitglied

Mitgl.

Member

Mitglied des Reichstages

M.d.R.

Member of the Reichstag

motorisiert

mot.

motorized

Nachrichten

N; Na.; Nachr.

Signals

Nationalpolitische Erziehungsanstalten

Napola

National Political Educational Instittues. Secondary schools organized along the lines of the Hitler-Jugend and under the jurisdiction of the Dienststelle Heissmeyer (under SS-Obergruppenfuhrer August Heissmeyer)

Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiter Partei

NSDAP

National-Socialist German Workers' Party

Nationalsozialistische-Fliegerkorps

NSFK

NS Flying Corps. Led by NSFK-Korpsfuhrer/General der Flieger Christiansen until 1943, then by NSFK-Korpsfuhrer / Generaloberst Alfred Keller until 1945.

Nationalsozialistische-Kraftfahrkorps

NSKK

NS Motor Corps. Led by NSKK-Korpsfuhrer Adolf Huhnlein until his death in 1942, then by NSKK-Korpsfuhrer Erwin Krauss until 1945. Played an important role in the military and paramilitary training.

Nationalsozialistische Volkswohlfahrt

NSV

National-Socialist People's Welfare Organization, primarily responsible for the care of mothers and juveniles and headed by SS-Gruppenfuhrer Erich Hilgenfeldt).

Nord

N

north

Nordost

NO

northeast

Nordwest

NW

northwest

Nummer

Nr.

number

Ober-

O.

higher

Oberbefehlshaber des Heeres

OB d.H

Oberbürgermeister

 

Lord Mayor of a large town or city.

Oberkommando des Heeres

OKH

High Command of the Army

Oberkommando der Marine

OKM

German Navy High Command

Oberkommando der Wehrmacht

OKW

High Command of the Armed Forces (Hitler was supreme commander, while GFM Wilhelm Keitel headed OKW)

Oberpräsident

 

Senior administrative official in a Prussian province.

Oberpräsident

OPräs.; OPrs.

Chief Administrator and government executive of a Prussian Province

Oberregierungsrat

ORR

Senior government counsellor of the civil service; approximately equivalent to a Lt.-Col.

Oberschlesien

O.S.; OS.

Prussian Province of Upper Silesia

Oberste SA Führer

 

Supreme SA Leader (Hitler from 1930)

Oberstes Parteigericht

 

Supreme NSDAP Court (under Reichsleiter Walter Buch)

Offizier

Off.; Offz.

officer

Ordnungspolizei

Orpo

"Order police". Regular unformed police force of the Reich, consisting of the Schutzpolizei, Gendarmerie, and Feuerschutzpolzie as well as various technical and auxiliary services (such as the Technische Nothilfe [TeNo]

Organisation Todt

Org. Todt; OT

Semi-military government construction force, established 1933 under Dr.-Inf. Fritz Todt, responsible for bulding strategic highways and military installations/fortifications. Controlled by Todt's successor, Albert Speer, after Todt's death in February 1942.

Ortsgruppenleiter

 

NSDAP official in charge of one or more parts of a town; subordinate to a Kreisleiter.

Ortsgruppenleiter

 

NSDAP official responsible for one or several communes of a part of a town; subordinate to a Kreisleiter.

Osten

O

east

Ostindustrie GmbH

Osti

Eastern Industries Ltd.; SS concern formed with primary purpose of exploiting Jewish labor in Poland.

Ostpreußen

Ostpr.

Prussian Province of East Prussia

Panzer

Pz.

Armor; tank

Parteikanzlei

 

Hitler's chancellery as leader of the NSDAP. Headed by Reichsleiter and SS-Obergruppenfuhrer Martin Borman.

Personalhauptamt

SS-PHA

Main personnel office of the SS, responsible for records of all SS officers.

Politische Bereitschaft

 

Political alarm squad. Forerunner units of the SS-Verfügungstruppe.

Polizeipräsident

Pol.Präs.

Police President. Head of the regular police in a large city.

Polizeiverwaltung

PV

Police administration

Polizeiverwaltungsgesetz

PVG

Police Administration Law

Rasse- und Siedlungshauptamt

RuSHA

SS Race & Settlement Main Office, responsible for racial purity of the SS and settlement of SS colonists in occupied eastern territories.

Referat

 

A sub-section or "desk" within a Gruppe.

Referent

 

Official in charge of a Referat.

Regierungsbezirk

Reg.Bez.

Sub-division of a Prussian province. Also, an administrative district of Bavaria.

Regierungsdirektor

Reg.Präs.

Rank of administrative official in a regional government, approximately equal with that of Colonel.

Regierungspräsident

Reg.Präs.

Senior government official in a Regierungsbezirk.

Regierungsrat

RegRat.; RR.

Government counsellor. Lowest rank in the higher civil service; approximately equivalent to the rank of Major.

Reichsarbeitsdienst

RAD

Reich Labor Service, headed by the Reichsarbeitsfuhrer, Reichsminister Konstantin Hierl (1875 - 1955)

Reichsarbeitsministerium

RAM

Reich Labor Ministry.

Reichsbevollmächtigter

 

Reich Plenipotentiary controlling the civil affairs of an occupied country (e.g.- SS-Obergruppenfuhrer Dr. jur. Karl Werner Best in Denmark).

Reichsfinanzministerium

RFM

Reich Finance Ministry.

Reichsführer-SS und Chef der Deutschen Polizei

RF SS u. Chef d. Dtsch.Pol.

"Reich SS Leader and Chief of the German Police"; Heinrich Himmler's title from Jun. 1936.

Reichsführung-SS

 

Supreme command of the SS, comprising the Persönlicher Stab RfSS and the Hauptämter

Reichsgau

 

One of eleven regions formed from territories annexed from Poland and Austria in 1938 and 1939

Reichsgesetzblatt

RGB

Official legal gazette issued in two parts by the Reichsministerium des Inner. Part I concerned current legislation; Part 2 dealt with international treaties, etc.

Reichskommissar für die Festigung Deutschen Volkstums

Title given to Heinrich Himmler in 1939 entrusting him with the repatriation of Volksdeutsche ("racial Germans") and the settlement of German colonies in the East. A Stabshautamt RKFDV was established under SS-Ogruf. Ulrich Greifelt to put Himmler's plans for Germanic mastery into effect.

Reich Commissioner for the Strengthening of Germanism

Reichskommissariat für die Ostland

 

German civil administration in the Baltic States (Latvia, Estonia, Lithuania) and White Russia (Byelorussia), 1941 - 1945. Reichskommissar Ostland, with HQ in Riga, was Gauleiter Hinrich Lohse.

Reichskriminalpolizeiamt

RKPA

The headquarters of the Kriminalpolizei (Amt V of the RSHA), headed by SS-Gruppenfuhrer und Generalleutnant der Polizei Arthur Nebe.

Reichsleiter

RL

The highest rank in the NSDAP hierarchy.

Reichsluftschutzbund

RLB

The Reich Air Raid Protection League.

Reichsministerium für die besetzten Ostgebiete

Ostministerium

Reich Ministry for the Occupied Eastern Territories. Reichsminister (1941 - 45): Reichsleiter Alfred Rosenberg; Staatssekretär (1941 - 45): Gauleiter Dr. Alfred Meyer.

 

Reichsministerium des Innern

RMdI.

Reich Ministry of the Interior
Reichsminister: Dr.jur. Wilhelm Frick (1933 - 1943)
Reichsfuhrer-SS Heinrich Himmler (1943 - 1945)

Reichssicherheitshauptamt

RSHA

Reich Security Main Office

Reichsstrafgesetzbuch

RStGB

Reich Penal Code

Reichstag

 

The German Parliament. Largely a figurehead body after its legislative powers were taken away and granted to the Reich Government by way of Hitler's "Enabling Act" of 24. March 1933.

Reichsstatthalter

Rsth.

Reich Governor; Hitler's representative in a German Land or Reichsgau.

Reichswehr

RW

The armed forces of Germany from 1919 until the enactment of the Wehrgesetz (Defense Law) of 21. May 1935; on that date, its title was changed to Wehrmacht.

Sachbearbeiter

 

Officer or official responsible for a specific matter.

Sanitätsdienst

 

Medical service

Schutzmannschaften<

Schuma

Auxiliary police units composed of foreign elements and Volksdeutsche; the first Schuma unit was set up in the Ukraine in Aug. 1941.

Schutzpolizei

Schupo; Schp.

Protection Police. The regular uniformed municipal and country police forces, comprising most of the membership of the Ordnungspolizei.

Schutzstaffel

SS

lit. Protection or Guard Detachment. Established in 1925 from the Stoßtrupp Adolf Hitler, the SS became, under Heinrich Himmler, the most powerful organization in the Third Reich.

Selbstschutz

 

1) A German nationalist self-prtotection organization formed in Silesia in 1920; 2) A self protection militia recruited from the Volksdeutsche in Poland by the SS; 3) Self-Protection Service, an element of the Luftschutzdienst composed of air raid wardens and other nonmilitary air raid protection personnel

Sicherheitsdienst des RfSS

SD

The SS Security Service established by Reinhard Heydrich in 1931 as the intelligence organization of the Nazi Party.

Sicherheitspolizei

Sipo

Security Police, composed of the Gestapo and Kripo.

Sicherheits- und Hilfsdienst

SHD

Security and Assistance Service, an auxiliary police unit responsible for air raid-related tasks. Superseded by the Luftschutzpolizei, 1942.

Sicherheitsverwahrung

 

Protective detention

Sigrunen

 

The runic double "S" insignia of the Schutzstaffel.

Sonderbehandlung

 

lit. special treatment. Nazi euphemism for killing those in detention.

Sonderkommando

Skdo.

SS und Polizeiführer

SS-u.Pol.F.; SSPF

SS and Police Commander in the eastern occupied territories, subordinate to the HSSPF.

Staatssekretär

Sta.Sek.

State Secretary in a Reich or Land Government Ministry.

Stab

St.

staff

Stabschef

 

Chief of Staff of the SA.

Stabsführer

 

Chief of Staff [e.g., to the Führer of an SS-Oberabschnitt].

Stadthauptmann

 

Senior administrative official in a Stadthauptmannschaft, a subdivision of a district in the Generalgouvernment (occupied Poland).

Standortführer

 

Garrison commander

Stellvertreter

Stellv.

Deputy

Sturmabteilungen

SA

The Stormtroops; the original defense formations of the NSDAP, founded in 1921. Purged in Jun./Jul. 1934 when it became too radical and unwieldly for Hitler's tastes, prompting him to wipe out most of its leadership, including SA-Stabschef Ernst Röhm. The purge of the SA was carried out by Himmler's SS, initially a subunit of the SA, and in its wake the SS gained considerable power.

Technische Nothilfe

TeNo; TN

Technical Emergency Corps, established in 1919. Auxiliary force of the Ordnungspolizei consisting of engineers, technicians, and specialists involved with construction work, communications, salvage, public utilities, etc. Led by SS-Gruppenfuhrer und Generalleutnant der Polizei Hans Weinreich from Jun. 1937 to Jun. 1943, then by SS-Gruppenfuhrer und Generalleutnant der Polizei Dipl.Ing. Willy Schmelcher from 15. Oct. 1943 to May 1945

Teilkommando

 

A sub-unit; Smallest element of an Einsatzgruppe of the Sipo and SD.

Totenkopfverbände

 

Death's Head units, employed in the concentration camps as guards. Formed the nucleus of the SS-Totenkopf-Division when it was formed in October 1939.

Trupp

Tr.

Squad or detail. An SA (and in its early years, SS) unit equivalent to a platoon.

Truppenübungsplatz

 

Troop training area.

Untersuchung

 

Investigation; interrogation

Umwandererzentralstelle

 

Central Transfer Office concerned with resettlement of Polish deportees from the Wartheland. An element of the RKFDV.

Unterführer

 

Non-commissioned officer.

Verband

Verb.

A formation or unit.

Verbindungsoffizier

 

Liaison officer

Vernichtungslager

 

Extermination camp.

Verordnung

 

Decree; regulation; order

Vertrauensmann

 

Intelligence agent or informer.

Verwaltung

Verw.

Administration

Verwaltungspolizei

 

Administrative branch of the Ordnungspolizei and Sicherheitspolizei

Volksbund fur das Deutschtum im Ausland

VDA

The League for Germans Abroad. Pre-Nazi organization concerned with activities of the Volksdeutsche (ethnic Germans). Taken over by the NSDAP, 1930 and eventually absorbed by the Volksdeutsche Mittelstelle under SS-Obergruppenfuhrer Werner Lorenz.

Volksdeutsche Mittelstelle

VoMi

Ethnic German Assistance Office. Established as the Buro von Kursell, 1936 and renamed in 1937. Led by SS-Obergruppenfuhrer Werner Lorenz, it obtained the status of a Hauptamt of the SS in 1941.

Volksgruppe

 

An ethnic group

Volkskartei

 

National Register kept by the Verwaltungspolizei. Introduced in 1939 to facilitate conscription of men and women for the Wehrmacht, Reichsarbeitsdienst, etc.

Volkstum

 

nationality

Vorbeugungshaft

 

Preventive arrest

Vorschrift

 

Regulation(s), instruction(s), or a manual

Waffen-SS

W-SS

Fully militarized combat formations of the SS

Wehrdienstpflicht

 

Obligation to serve in the Wehrmacht

Wehrkreis

Wkr.

A Military District.

Wehrmacht

WH; Wehrm.

The armed forces, consisting of the German Army (Heer), Navy (Kriegsmarine), and Air Force (Luftwaffe)

Wehrmachtbefelshaber

 

Senior Armed Forces commander in an occupied territory.

Wehrmachtfuhrungsstab

 

Armed Forces Operations Staff, headed by Generaloberst Alfred Jodl.

Wehrwirtschaft

 

Military or war economy

Wehrwirtschaftsamt

 

War Economics Directorate of OKW.

Weisung

 

directive

zur besonderer Verwendung

z.b.V.

for special employment

Zellenleiter

 

Cell leader. An NSDAP official responsible for four to five blocks of households; subordinate to an Ortsgruppenleiter.

Zollgrenzdienst

 

Border Customs Service

 

 

 

 

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